Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-settings.php on line 512

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-settings.php on line 527

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-settings.php on line 534

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-settings.php on line 570

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Page::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1199

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_PageDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1244

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Category::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1391

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_CategoryDropdown::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/classes.php on line 1442

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class wpdb in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/wp-db.php on line 306

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/cache.php on line 103

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Object_Cache in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/cache.php on line 431

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/query.php on line 61

Deprecated: Assigning the return value of new by reference is deprecated in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/theme.php on line 1109

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::start_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::start_lvl(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 0

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::end_lvl() should be compatible with Walker::end_lvl(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 0

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::start_el() should be compatible with Walker::start_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 0

Strict Standards: Declaration of Walker_Comment::end_el() should be compatible with Walker::end_el(&$output) in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/comment-template.php on line 0

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Dependencies in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/class.wp-dependencies.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class WP_Http in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/http.php on line 61

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2::init() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/functions.php on line 8

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2::include_all() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/k2.php on line 27

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2::include_all() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/k2.php on line 28

Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method K2Options::init() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/plugin.php on line 339

Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method K2Header::init() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/plugin.php on line 339

Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method K2SBM::init() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/plugin.php on line 339

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::pre_bootstrap() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::load_modules() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 200

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::module_scan() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 203

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::module_scan_dir() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 56

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 44

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebars() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 36

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 317

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::load_modules() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 264

Deprecated: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 650

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 66

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 369

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::register_sidebar_module_control() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 79

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::name_to_id() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/classes/sbm.php on line 430

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2SBM::is_active_module() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/app/includes/sbm.php on line 74

Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method K2SBM::post_bootstrap() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/plugin.php on line 339

Strict Standards: Non-static method K2::replace_wp_scripts() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-content/themes/k2/header.php on line 6
Inheritance of Chromosomes, Sex Determination, additionally the Human Genome: An innovative new Paradigm at the letter e
Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Strict Standards: call_user_func_array() expects parameter 1 to be a valid callback, non-static method K2Header::output_header_css() should not be called statically in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/plugin.php on line 339

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1002

Deprecated: preg_replace(): The /e modifier is deprecated, use preg_replace_callback instead in /home/thelette/public_html/wp-includes/kses.php on line 1003



Inheritance of Chromosomes, Sex Determination, additionally the Human Genome: An innovative new Paradigm

That is the factor that is determining the intercourse associated with the offspring—mother, daddy, or both moms and dads? This hypothesis that is fundamental a brand new style of intercourse determination, challenging the prevailing dogma that the male Y chromosome of this daddy could be the single determinant associated with the intercourse associated with offspring. Relating to contemporary technology, the 3 X chromosomes (male XY and female XX) are thought become comparable, additionally the intercourse associated with the offspring is decided following the zygote is created. As opposed to this, the brand new theory based on theoretical research proposes that the 3 X chromosomes could be differentiated, in line with the existence of Barr bodies. The X that is first in XX chromosomes and X in male XY chromosomes are comparable because they lack Barr human anatomy and they are hereby denoted as ‘X’ and known as ancestral chromosomes. The 2nd X chromosome in the feminine cells which will be a Barr human body, denoted as X, is significantly diffent. This X chromosome combined with the Y chromosome are known as parental chromosomes. Sperm by having a Y chromosome is only able to fuse with an ovum containing the chromosome that is‘X. Likewise, semen aided by the chromosome that is‘X just fuse by having an ovum containing the X chromosome. Cell biology different types of gametogenesis and fertilization had been simulated because of the new hypothesis model and assessed. Just chromosomes that participated in recombination could unite to make the zygote. This lead to a paradigm shift inside our knowledge of intercourse dedication, as both moms and dads had been discovered become similarly accountable for determining the intercourse of this offspring. The sex associated with offspring is set throughout the prezygotic phase it self and it is influenced by normal selection. A brand new measurement has been fond of inheritance of chromosomes. This brand new model additionally presents a brand new nomenclature for pedigree charts. This work of serendipity may play a role in future research in cellular biology, sex studies, genome analysis, and hereditary disorders including cancer tumors.

Introduction

This fundamental hypothesis gives a new dimension to inheritance of chromosomes and sex determination against the backdrop of worldwide research on the human genome. 1,2 The theory is founded on revolutionary theoretical research.

Peoples cells have 46 chromosomes, including 44 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes, namely, 46, XX (feminine) or 46, XY (male). In mobile biology, the two X sex chromosomes in feminine mobile therefore the solitary X chromosome in male cellular had been thought become similar; just the Y chromosome was regarded as various. 3 nonetheless, the Barr human anatomy, which plays a role that is significant differentiating the 3 X chromosomes, is definitely an crucial element to take into account. The Barr human body is noticed in the nuclei of female cells just and never in male cells. 4 This plainly suggests that the X intercourse chromosomes in feminine and cells that are male some distinctions.

That is the Determining element for the Intercourse associated with the Offspring?

(1) Mother, (2) daddy, or (3) both moms and dads?

The mother was believed to be responsible for not only conceiving the offspring but also its sex in the ancient traditional view. This is changed by the contemporary science view that the daddy contributes the determining element, centered on observation of sex chromosomes after zygote development. Through the fertilization procedure, you can find 2 opportunities. (1) in case a spermatozoon with an X chromosome fuses with all the ovum, the offspring will be a lady (46, XX). (2) If a spermatozoon with Y chromosome fuses using the ovum, the offspring will be male (46, XY). The Y chromosome ended up being therefore considered to be a effective determinant. The existence of Y chromosome ended up being needed for the delivery of a(XY that is male offspring, and its particular lack triggered a female (XX) offspring. 5

In line with the hypothesis that is new here, both moms and dads are equal determinants of this intercourse associated with offspring. The Barr human anatomy plays a crucial role in differentiating amongst the 2 X chromosomes in feminine cells plus the X chromosome brazilian brides in male cells. The sex for the offspring relies on viable combinations of specific intercourse chromosomes: the ancestral ‘X’ associated with the father or mother combined with parental X/Y through the mother/father, respectively, throughout the fertilization procedure before the formation of zygote—a paradigm change through the proven fact that the father’s Y chromosome may be the factor that is determining. 6

The master blueprint that directs all cells in your body during embryogenesis are located in the DNA for the diploid pair of chromosomes contained in the zygote, apart from any subsequent modifications due to mutation and epigenetics. 7,8 present research information from the dynamics and behavior of sex chromosomes prior to development for the zygote are restricted. Nonetheless, this hypothesis tries to explain it theoretically. This brand new hypothesis considers the possibility that the intercourse associated with offspring is predetermined throughout the procedure for fertilization, prior to zygote development. 9,10

This brand brand new and concept that is innovative of sex chromosomes as “ancestral” and “parental” had been placed on mobile biology different types of gametogenesis and fertilization. It led to a simple model that is new which illustrates an unique pattern of chromosomal inheritance. A nomenclature that is new pedigree charts has also been developed according to this theory. Nonetheless, further research is needed to effortlessly determine the chromosomes inherited from each parent.

This fundamental theory may start brand brand new views for understanding meiosis, intercourse dedication, genetics, and heredity. It tosses brand new light on some observations, for instance the launch of the main polar human anatomy, the additional polar human body, aneuploidy, X inactivation, X-linked inheritance, and heredity. 11

Materials and practices

This theoretical research had been performed with the aim to analyze prevailing dogma that the existence or lack of the father’s Y chromosome into the cell determines the intercourse for the offspring. 12 contemporary principles state that the male and female X chromosomes are comparable and disregard the existence and lack of Barr systems. This brand new theory has been developed round the possibility that the existence (and lack) of Barr human body plays a significant part in determining the intercourse of offspring. It had been crucial that you explore the alternative of differentiating between your 3 X chromosomes and also to assess any impacts which may be noticeable in the event that huge difference is clear.

The Newest Fundamental Hypothesis Elucidated By Theoretical Analysis

The 3 X chromosomes had been seen from a various viewpoint. The crux that is central of theory is made around differentiating between your 3 X chromosomes. The Barr body (intercourse chromatin human body) happens to be seen in the nuclei of female cells just rather than in male cells. 13 If one or more X chromosome is contained in the nucleus, all excepting one X chromosome will be became Barr systems. 14 this suggests that the XX in feminine cells while the X in male cells, that have been thought become comparable, are various.

The 3 X chromosomes (in XX and XY) had been differentiated in line with the existence or lack associated with Barr human anatomy. Variations in the X chromosomes had been obvious. Just one X intercourse chromosome in feminine cells additionally the X that is single sex in male cells (denoted as ‘X’ and depicted as to begin the two intercourse chromosomes) are comparable, while they would not have Barr systems. One other X chromosome within the feminine, which will be a Barr human anatomy (denoted as X), differs from the others.

Female: ‘X’ X Male: ‘X’ Y

The ‘X’ chromosome present in both feminine and male cells are thought become ancestral (with +ve cost), because the cells are polar. 15 on the other hand, the Barr human anatomy X chromosome when you look at the cell that is female Y chromosome when you look at the male mobile are thought become parental ( by having a ?ve cost) and tend to be represented the following:

‘X’ chromosome (no Barr body): ancestral (+ve) chromosome both in mom and dad;

X chromosome (with Barr human body): parental (?ve) chromosome of mom;

Y chromosome: parental (?ve) chromosome of daddy.

0 Responses to “Inheritance of Chromosomes, Sex Determination, additionally the Human Genome: An innovative new Paradigm”


  1. No Comments